What should be done about the drought problem?
Drought occurence and environmental destruction go hand in hand. One precedes the other. In order to limit its negative effects we should first reducw the vulnerability or susceptibility of the people towards its harmful consequences. This is mainly done through various ways including:
1) Early warning and forecasting which gives people information and statistics of likely drought periods or occurences. This is of great use since it gives them an opportunity to prepare adequately as they await its occurence. This preparation is mainly focussed towards reducing likely negative effecs including lack of adequate, nutrition rich food and water. Storage facilities are well equipped with food supplies and harvesting of water to be used then is also done. The government may also be needed to set aside a certain amount of money for response activities among them provision of relief supplies and medical support.
2) Drought mapping should also be done. This basically means identifying areas likely to be hit by drought basing the knowledge on past events like deforestation, land degradation, a reduction in the amount of rainfall, past drought incidences among others.
This greatly helps in knowing the people who are most likely to be affected and taking a step further in equipping them with knowledge on how to deal with the disaster, providing economic assistance aimed at reducing likely negative effects e.g. insurance of livestock and crops against drought and other applicable assistance.
3) Destocking and reducing of livestock numbers is also another important step in mitigating against drought occurences. As is very evident, drought mostly negatively affects pastrolist communities since they’re most likely to lose lots of livestock resulting from lack of pastoral land and water. The above measure acts in reducing the numbers of livestock exposed to drought.
Family planning can also apply here whereby the number of children exposed to the disaster is reduced.
4) Adaptation is also another measure which can assist communities living in drought prone regions. This can be through:
>Planting of drought resistant crops.
>Carrying out research on crops and animal breds which can do well during times of reduced pasture and water.
>Doing water harvesting during rainy seasons and the water can.be used during drought periods.
>Digging of dams and water reservoirs to store water for later use.
>Reducing over reliance on rainfall since it may fail any time.
>Practising agriculture fed by irrigation water but not rain water.
5) Reafforestation and afforestation of degraded and destroyed forest lands would also go a long way in reducing likely extended harmful drought effects ti the people. This is because the above practice would favor replenishing of water catchment areas and also since forests and vegetation in general play a key role in the hydrological cycle, adequate water would be guaranteed in alk seasons.